The Costa Ricans changed their diet, but not wisely.
Scientific studies show a reduction in the consumption of beans, vegetables, chili, cilantro and homemade fruit juices.
For example, the intake of beans in the country fell by 35.1% between 1965 and 2010.
“Nutritionally there is no food to replace the beans, and we are excluded,” said Patricia Sedó, researcher at the School of Nutrition at the University of Costa Rica (UCR).
Meanwhile, meats, condiments and processed fast food is part of the food of Costa Ricans. The good thing was changing the fat for cooking oil.
“The power of Costa Ricans is unbalanced. We eat too many carbohydrates and low in fruits and vegetables, “said Patricia Sedó.
Why? More work and less time to prepare food, influence of foreign foods, pushed the change.
The transformation of the diet has consequences. For example pounds causing strokes, diabetes, hypertension and high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides.
A study by the Social Security Fund (CCSS) showed that hypertension increased from 25.6% of the adult population (Costa Rica) in 2006 to 31.5% in 2010, type 2 diabetes increased from 8% to 10.5%.
Furthermore, 44% have high triglyceride levels 42% and high levels of cholesterol.
According to the Ministry of Health, 11.1% of Costa Ricans have anemia, 24.7% of women of reproductive age and 11.4% of preschoolers have little folate (antioxidant that helps in cell regeneration ), 2.8% do not have sufficient levels of vitamin A, and 14% lower levels of riboflavin.
The situation is not only because of the change in diet, physical inactivity and thus influencing stress.