Pre-Columbian Settlement Discovered While Relocated Victims of November 2010 Landslide in Escazu

The residents of the new street Lajas, which plans to build a farm in San Antonio de Escazú, might have as “neighbors” a pre-Columbian settlement.

A stone walkway, built in 1350 AD, covering 20,000 square meters, which aims to relocate 54 families who lost everything due to a landslide that occurred on November 3, 2010 in Lajas street, Escazú , San Jose

The discovery was made by archaeologist Javier Artavia, who was hired by Inmobiliaria SA Innovation Group, developer of the development project

The archeological survey is provided in the environmental impact assessment required by the National Environmental Technical Secretariat (Setena) to construction projects

What he found was a piece of road that crosses the property with a northwest-southeast direction and lies 50 centimeters under the ground where today only grass and vegetation.

The stage is 60 meters long and 4.5 meters wide and functioned as a transit route for our pre-Columbian ancestors.

“It was a road that connected the different villages or towns. It was built with stones of different sizes, assembled with each other “, said the archaeologist.

Archaeologist stressed the importance of the find.

“There are examples of great walkways in towns like Guayabo Columbian (Turrialba) and Mercedes (Lemon), but this is one of the few vestiges of pre-Columbian roads that have been found in the Central Valley,” said Artavia.

The archaeologist said the special design of this roadway.

“They built a sort of staircase for access to the river,” he said.

After six weeks of excavation and research, the expert determined that in this area there was human occupation in four different periods: from 1000 to. C. at 300 a. C., of 300 a. C. to 300 d. C., of 400 d. C. 900 d. C. and 900 d. C. to 1,550 d. C.

Also found about 4,000 pieces of pottery from different periods corresponding to vessels and other everyday objects.

“My professional recommendation is to keep the segment of the road as an archaeological site, but grantice its adequate restoration, conservation and protection. There must be an archaeologist to monitor all earthworks “he said.

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