Heart health of Costa Ricans suffer from poor diet and little exercise

The heart is one of the most important organs of the human body:

starts beating from the maternal womb and their beats accompany us throughout life, but not everyone cares for caring. The heart is the organ most ill.

In the country, heart disease is the leading cause of death since 1970, and over 40 years the numbers have not dropped.

Proof of this is that Costa Ricans 4801 died last year of heart problems, according to the Social Security Fund (CCSS), 12 deaths per 100,000 population, this represents 25.5% of the deaths of the country .

In addition, in 2011 there were 20,207 hospitalizations in public medical centers for this cause, and in 2011 the CCSS invested, ¢ 97,029,000 in caring these diseases.

What are the causes? Although a minority of people have genetic factors that sick, this organ, most evil and death are due to what the World Health Organization (WHO) called “enemies of the heart”: the smoking, sedentary lifestyle and a diet loaded fat and low in fruits and vegetables.

Moreover, several organizations will be making today, a series of activities as part of the celebrations of World Heart Day.

“There are things we can change and some do not. We can not change the age or genetics, but we can prevent heart disease by exercising, increasing consumption of beans, fruits and vegetables, not smoking, “said Luis Fernando Valerio, president of the Costa Rican Association of Cardiology.

“If you drink alcohol, have no more than two drinks or beers a day and leave a day of rest. People with hypertension or high cholesterol should not stop their treatment even if they feel better, “he added.

What happens to the heart? The most common forms of cardiovascular ailments are acute myocardial infarction or stroke).

According Rodrigo cardiologist Monge, myocardial given by the coronary artery obstruction.

Most obstructions is given by an accumulation of fat in the artery (called plaque) that blocks a coronary. The plate interrupts the flow of blood to the section of the heart muscle fed by the artery. If blood does not reach a portion of the heart muscle will die.

Moreover, there are two types of stroke: ischemic and hemorrhagic.

The ischemic occurs when an artery in the brain is blocked and prevents the flow of blood to the brain. The cells die from lack of oxygen and nutrients.

The bleeding occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and bleeds, which cells are deprived of oxygen.

However, deaths are not the only consequence. In many cases, these diseases do not kill, but pose serious problems in the quality of life.

“A stroke can leave disorders in heart valves or heart failure and may lack the air moving around, some have to sleep difficulties due to lack of air,” he explained.