Costa Rica With Elevated Use of Pesticides In The World
A group of environmentalists have deployed actions against the use of pesticides in Costa Rica, with publicity events in the local agricultural (famers) markets in Zaporta and Hatillo, held this Sunday.
According to research by the Regional de Estudios en Sustancias Txicas (IRET) – Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, shows that the use of agrochemicals has elevated without growing the agricultural areas. In other words, much more chemical compounds in the identical meal, stated Fabrin Pacheco and Gabriela Cob, spokespersons for the environmentalists.
The two indicated that the amount of imported pesticides has elevated by 340% in the last 30 years. In total, the country imported over 184.817 tonnes of pesticide from 1977 to 2006. All this went to the fields exactly where our food is grown, they said.
They said consequently they have developed the campaign “PAREN DE FUMIGAR” (Cease Spraying), which offers details for each producers and shoppers to educate, raise awareness and ultimately reduce the levels of pesticides in our food.
Sunday’s action was accompanied by posters, percussion and even elements of effect as a colourful model of a sprayer airplane.
This is 1 of numerous forms of activities to develop this campaign and will be visiting various agricultural fairs in the nation.
Each Saturday and Sunday agricultural fairs are held in all communities across Costa Rica, as producers bring their crops directly to the public. In San Jos a permanent agricultural market is held each and every day, in the wee hours of the morning for regional vendors to obtain directly from the producers.
Several shoppers prefer the agricultural fairs to the supermarkets to purchase their fruits and vegetables, a single for the lower price tag and second for the freshness of the item.
According to Estado de la Nacin (The State of the Nation) report in 2009, Costa Rica imported over 300 tons of methyl bromide formulations – a substance regulated by the Montreal Protocol which contributes to the destruction of the ozone layer of the earth. Also imported had been two very toxic substances regulated by the Rotterdam Convention.
The crop with better use of pesticides is the melon, followed by ornamental plants, tomatoes, potatoes, pineapple and sugar cane.
The pineapple nevertheless tops the list of environmental complaints in the country. In response, the Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia (MAG) published a manual of good practice obligatory for pineapple producers.
What can we do as shoppers?
– Although washing does not get rid of from food 100% of the poison applied it is a good practice
– Demand organic food or foods with low levels of pesticide use
– Attend fairs and markets of goods with no poison (like in Aranjuez, San Cayetano and Escaz, for example).
– Begin a property garden. Small scale organic farming has proved really effective
– Do not be so demanding on the appearance of items. The “perfect” vegetable is frequently the most fumigated.
– Demand that the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Wellness ban red label pesticides and a lot more toxic (paraquat, endosulfan, methomyl, terbufos, methamidophos, phorate, malathion, carbofuran, ethoprophos, aldicarb, chlorpyrifos and methyl bromide)
According to the Planet Resources Institute (WRI) the world champions of pesticide use are:
1. Costa Rica