On July 25, Costa Ricans celebrated 188 years of history when under their own volition, Guanacastecans decided to annex themselves to our territory in 1824.
From July 25, 1824 it was written in the arms of the province “of the country by Our Will,” because the inhabitants of the province decided to be annexed to Costa Rica under their own accord.
When independence was declared in Central America in 1821, Nicaraguan authorities began to have some influence on the Nicoyans. However, Nicaragua was a state with many internal problems and people felt more identified with our country.
Then the inhabitants of Nicoya in open council agreed to raise a letter led by its chief, Cupertino Briceño, requesting the annexation of the province to Costa Rica.
The Guanacaste tree is representative of the province as there are many in the area, however, the name emerged in the mid eighteenth century because there was a large tree on the road to Bagaces, Nicaragua and Rivas. Where that tree is now is in the park of Liberia.
With the annexation Costa Rica increased its national territory. Guanastecas lands are of great importance in the production of rice, sugar cane and sorghum, among others. It is also an excellent area for livestock. With an increased population this therefore permits more labor that contributes significantly to the economy.
National culture was enriched by its contributions to food such as tortillas and cake.
The Costa Rican music also benefited with the contribution to folk music as varied as the “El Torito”, “Passion,” “Love Season” and “Pampa”.
Among the tools provided are the quijongos, drums, ocarinas and marimba. Among the legends and customs are imaginative stories, as well as bull riding and güipi pious.
Today Guanacaste is one of the most important provinces of our country. It consists of beautiful beaches, national parks and volcanoes.
Some National Parks are: Barra Honda National Park and Guanaxaste, the Leatherback Marine National Park, (this park is one of the most important spawning of leatherback turtles. Every year thousands of turtles come to lay their eggs on beaches that park protects.
Palo Verde National Park is one of the most ecologically diverse places in the country. It has a lot of birds, both aquatic and terrestrial. Many of them are migratory birds.
Arenal Volcano National Park, its main attraction is its impressive volcano. With an almost perfect cone of 1.657 meters high, the Arenal Volcano is the youngest and most active volcano in Costa Rica.
Guanacaste has a large tourism sector due to the beauty of its beaches and tropical dry climate.
Among its beautiful beaches you can surf, use the services of marine and fisheries. And thanks to its tourism development tourists have the possibility of all kinds of activities, horseback riding tours in the mountains, the beach, kayaking, canopy and so on.
This place is known as the golden province, with a coastline of 200 kilometers, it is an excellent tourist destination not only for its beaches and beautiful sunsets, but also for its historical, cultural and biological.