Walls made of zinc sheets, cardboard, wood in poor condition and other waste materials are the reality for some 31,500 people in the country and they are almost a third of immigrants.
The Census 2011, developed by the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INEC) in May last year, revealed that 9,350 foreign-born people living in slums.
Of this group, half of these people are concentrated in the province of San Jose and almost 20% in Alajuela.
The proximity to urban population centers and job opportunities makes these people live in the peripheries of cities, specify Franklin Solano, coordinator of the Research Promotion Foundation Housing (Fuprovi).
According to the report of Migration and Integration in Costa Rica, the Directorate General of Immigration, the condition of precariousness is higher in the case of foreigners.
This report, prepared last year with figures from INEC, also indicates that the difference in housing, among Nicaraguans (the largest foreign population), and Costa Ricans is high when it’s for overcrowding.
Freddy Montero, Deputy Director of Immigration, said that this organism lacks a record of the immigration status of the people who live in slums.
The total slum counted by the Census 2011 amounts to 8,145. This figure is lower than the 15,000 that registered the 2000 census.
Despite this, the Ministry of Housing and organisms as Fuprovi maintain programs for the eradication of slums that work on lowering the number of houses of poor quality.
Irene Campos, Minister of Housing, said that, from 2010 until May this year, 4,166 slums have been eliminated, throughout the country.
The resources are provided by the Housing Mortgage Bank (Banhvi), which is authorized by law to contribute up to 40% of its annual revenues to subsidies.